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Xuyên suốt phần thi IELTS Speaking - Chủ đề Food (Ẩm thực), thí sinh sẽ thường gặp phải những câu hỏi như “Describe your favorite food” hay “Can you describe a place you would like to eat?”. Để chinh phục điểm số cao và gây ấn tượng với ban giám khảo, bạn cần chuẩn bị vốn từ vựng “đặc sắc” cùng cấu trúc ngữ pháp chính xác chặt chẽ về chủ đề này. Cùng IDP bỏ túi những từ vựng ghi điểm cùng bài mẫu Speaking chủ đề Food nhé!

1. Từ vựng IELTS Speaking chủ đề Food

Danh từ

Từ vựng 

Phiên âm

Ý nghĩa



chất phụ gia

Saturated fat

/ˌsætʃ.ər.eɪ.tɪd ˈfæt/

chất béo bão hòa

Genetically modified food (GM food)

/dʒəˌnet.ɪ.kəl.i ˈmɒd.ɪ.faɪd/  /fuːd/

thực phẩm biến đổi gen



đồ uống (ngoại trừ nước)

Processed food

/ˈprəʊ.sest/ /fuːd/

thức ăn đóng hộp/ đóng gói

Junk food

/ˈdʒʌŋk ˌfuːd/

thức ăn có hại cho sức khỏe

Body mass index (BMI)

/ˈbɒd.i ˌmæs ˌɪn.deks/

chỉ số khối cơ thể

roasted vegetables

/rəʊst/ /ˈvedʒ.tə.bəl/

rau củ nướng

Fussy eater = picky eater

/ˈfʌs.i/ /ˈiː.tər/

người kén ăn

Balanced diet

/ˌbæl.ənst ˈdaɪ.ət/

chế độ ăn cân bằng

Authentic local speciality

đặc sản vùng miền

Traditional cuisine

ẩm thực truyền thống

Động từ

Từ vựng 

Phiên âm

Ý nghĩa



bày biện, trang trí món ăn



thái, cắt



nướng trong lò

budget something


tính toán chi tiêu

overeat = overconsume


ăn quá độ

to gain a lot of weight

tăng cân 

Tính từ

Từ vựng 

Phiên âm

Ý nghĩa

aromatic / pungent


có mùi thơm hấp dẫn



có mùi kém hấp dẫn



suy dinh dưỡng



nhiều dinh dưỡng



thủy canh



nhàm chán

Collocations và Idioms

Collocations và Idioms

Ý nghĩa

in a walking distance of

gần đâu đó

got the munchies

đói bụng

to be mouth-watering

chảy nước miếng (Thèm ăn khi thấy hoặc ngửi một món gì đó hấp dẫn)

restrain one’s hunger

kiềm chế cơn đói

to bolt something down

nuốt chửng thứ gì đó (Ăn thứ gì rất nhiều và nhanh)

to follow a recipe

tuân theo công thức nấu ăn

to have a sweet tooth

hảo ngọt

to grab a bite to eat

ăn nhanh, ăn vội vàng

to wine and dine

chiêu đãi ai đó bằng 1 bữa ăn thịnh soạn

have a profound passion for

có niềm đam mê to lớn với cái gì

to pose a health risk

gây rủi ro về mặt sức khoẻ

to eat like a horse

ăn rất nhiều

Xem thêm: Tổng hợp từ vựng IELTS chủ đề Food & Drinks

2. IELTS Speaking chủ đề Food Part 1

Câu hỏi: What is your favorite food?

Well, I would say since I have a sweet tooth, I am a huge fan of desserts. But if I had to choose one, it would be cheesecakes. I usually follow a recipe I learned from the Internet. It has quite a few ingredients, but the process is not complicated. On special occasions, I usually make cheesecakes to serve my family after dinner.

Vocabulary ghi điểm:

  • ingredients: thành phần

  • special occasions: dịp đặc biệt

Câu hỏi: What are some traditional foods in your country?

Well, Vietnam has a very rich cultural diversity, which means that there are various types of traditional food. To name some, there are Chung cake, spicy beef noodle soup, or sticky rice. Actually, every region has its own local speciality, but I do believe that Pho is still the most popular one among other dishes. It’s very well-seasoned and can be served for any mealtime during the day.

Vocabulary ghi điểm:

  • Cultural diversity: sự đa dạng văn hoá

  • Local speciality đặc sản địa phương

  • Well-seasoned: được nêm đậm vị

Câu hỏi: Do you like tasting new food?

As a foodie, it’s a firm yes for me. I always dream of experiencing all different kinds of food. Every cuisine has its own special features, and it would be so great if we could try the local food. It’s not only about the taste, but also the underlying meaning behind such dishes.

Vocabulary ghi điểm:

  • Foodie: người thích đồ ăn

  • Special features: đặc điểm đặc biệt

  • Underlying meaning: ý nghĩa thực sự đằng sau

3. IELTS Speaking chủ đề Food Part 2

Câu hỏi: Describe a special meal you have had

Bài mẫu: One of the most memorable meals that I have ever eaten was a couple of years ago when I was sick, well actually, just recovered from sickness. I had digestive disorder so I could not eat anything but bland porridge for a week; otherwise I would have vomited constantly. The first couple of days staying at home went just fine, I had enough to entertain me. In fact, I felt relaxed because I had time to binge watch my favorite drama. However, by the end of that week, I could not stand that meal. I could not even think about it. Fortunately, I was getting better so I could eat other dishes. My mother made me spaghetti with beef and mushroom which she knew was my favorite. It was a basic Italian dish that instantly made my mood improve. It did not take much time and energy to cook though; basically, there was ground beef, sliced fresh mushrooms, chopped garlic and onions served with tomato sauce and topped with Parmesan cheese. It tasted like heaven to me. The ground beef was savory mixed with a little cheesy flavor. My mom's homemade meal was not only appetizing but also nutritious because I was not consuming protein and fat for a whole week.

Vocabulary ghi điểm:

  • digestive disorder: bệnh rối loạn tiêu hóa

  • bland (a): nhạt nhẽo

  • porridge (n): cháo

  • binge watch (v): cày phim

  • top with (v) : phủ lên trên

  • protein (n): chất đạm

  • fat (n): chất béo

  • crave for (v): thèm thuồng

Câu hỏi: Describe a place you like to eat at you should say

I would like to talk about a nice classy restaurant in the city center called “Buzza Pizza” but it is actually located in a small quiet street in district 1. This restaurant serves various meals of Italian cuisine that I really enjoy. For example, they serve delicacies such as pasta, pizza, tomato soup and especially risotto – an Italian rice with either seafood or vegetables. I particularly love their risotto. In fact, I love Italian food because it is all about fresh, flavorful ingredients. Not only are they popular for their risotto, but their pizzas also make my mouth water because of their cheesy flavor. That’s why I eat in that restaurant frequently and now even with my family and friends for a slap-up meal if we have anything to celebrate or sometimes, to wine and dine. The restaurant is quite spacious and all the staff are very friendly but at dinner time, it’s very crowded and noisy. Italian landscapes are painted on their walls so I always feel like I’m in Italy whenever I’m there. About the price, although it’s not cheap at all, its quality justifies the bill.

Vocabulary ghi điểm:

  • slap-up meal: nấu tạm cho qua bữa

  • Quality justifies the bill: chất lượng xứng đáng với giá tiền.

4. IELTS Speaking chủ đề Food Part 3

Câu hỏi: What do you enjoy the most about a meal?

It would definitely be desserts. I have a sweet tooth, and I always expect a cup of ice cream at the end of the meal. Needless to mention that most desserts are beautifully decorated, which makes them much more mouth-watering

Vocabulary ghi điểm:

  • Have a sweet tooth: hảo ngọt

  • Beautifully decorated: được trang trí đẹp

  • Mouth-watering: ngon và hấp dẫn

Câu hỏi: What kinds of foreign food are popular in your country?

From my observation, I think it’s definitely Japanese cuisine. There are so many Japanese restaurants in HCM city, selling varieties of dishes too, not just sushi. This is just my guess, but I think the reason for this is that, even though we use different spices and cooking methods, the philosophy behind Vietnamese cuisine and Japanese food is very much similar: both aims for an elemental balance and harmony between the ingredients, and both really utilize the healing properties of herbs and vegetables into cooking.

Vocabulary ghi điểm:

  • Observation: sự quan sát

  • Philosophy: triết lý

  • Elemental balance and harmony: sự cân bằng và hài hoà giữa các nguyên tốt

  • Healing properties: đặc tính chữa lành

  • Herbs: thảo mộc

Câu hỏi: What foods from your country do most foreign people enjoy?

I believe foreigners find Pho very fascinating. That’s a thing that still imprints in their mind after they pay a visit to Vietnam. I guess it is because Pho is well-seasoned with various kinds of spices. Also, the taste is neutral and friendly to most people.

Vocabulary ghi điểm:

  • Imprint in one’s mind: khắc sâu vào trong trí nhớ

  • Well-seasoned: nêm nếm đậm vị

  • Spice: gia vị

  • Neutral: trung tính

Hy vọng những từ vựng cùng cấu trúc câu phía trên sẽ giúp bạn ghi điểm thật cao trong tất cả các phần thi IELTS Speaking, biến một chủ đề như Food trở thành chủ đề “tủ” của bạn trong kỳ thi sắp đến. 

Xem thêm: 

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Published on January 13, 2023

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