Bạn khó có thể vượt ải Writing IELTS Task 1 nếu bạn không ghi chú ngay các từ vựng chuyên dùng cho phần này được liệt kê trong phần tiếp theo. Thử ngay nhé!
1. Từ vựng dạng bài miêu tả biểu đồ
Miêu tả xu hướng thay đổi
|Xu hướng||Danh từ||Động từ|
|Xu hướng tăng||A rise|
An upward trend
|Xu hướng giảm||A drop |
|Xu hướng ổn định||A steadiness |
|Xu hướng giao động||A fluctuation |
|Đạt mức cao nhất||A peak |
|Peak at |
To reach a peak of
|Đạt mức thấp nhất||Lowest point||Hit a low point|
Hit a trough
Hit the lowest
To begin, the percentage of pupils in voluntary-controlled schools fell from just over half to only 20% or one fifth from 2000 to 2009.
The next most popular country for Britons to move to was Spain, though its popularity declined over the time frame to finish at below 30,000 in 2007.
Visits abroad increased significantly to over 50 million, whereas the number of overseas residents rose steadily to reach just under 30 million.
While the figure for factories in Japan went up dramatically to 120,000 in 2010, the quantity in Korea plummeted to 12,000 at the same time.
Miêu tả tốc độ thay đổi
|Tốc độ thay đổi||Tính từ||Trạng từ|
The number of people working out increased marginally from 1980 to 2020.
IT was still higher overall, though it dropped slightly from 1994 to 1996.
It is characterized by steeply dipping to sub-vertical foliations to the east, and gently dipping foliations to the west.
2. Từ vựng dạng bài miêu tả bản đồ (Map)
Miêu tả sự xuất hiện
|Từ vựng||Ý nghĩa|
Come into being
Nổi lên, lớn lên
If the site is built here, it will be next to a large housing estate, thus providing easy access for those living on the estate and in the city center.
They are planning to construct a new supermarket near ourhouse.
They plan to erect an officeblock there.
During the experiment, weeds that emerged were removed.
Miêu tả sự biến mất
|Từ vựng||Ý nghĩa|
Phá bỏ, dỡ bỏ
She was devastated by the terriblenews.
If these become damaged or even destroyed by exogenous influences the continuation of a species may be in danger.
They’re demolishing the old buildings in the center of town.
Miêu tả phương hướng
|Danh từ||Tính từ||Ý nghĩa|
Hướng đông Bắc
Hướng Đông Nam
Hướng Tây Bắc
Hướng Tây Nam
The relevant distinction for this word (among others) is between a northeastern region and southern region.
The compassneedle is pointing to the south.
Areas to the west and south would be defined as low or minimum risk.
3. Từ vựng dạng bài miêu tả quy trình (Process)
Miêu tả các bước trong quy trình
|Từ vựng||Ý nghĩa|
After this step/process
Once this step is completed
The steps involved…
|Đầu tiên |
Rồi sau đó
Sau bước này
Ngay khi bước này hoàn thành,
Bước ảnh hưởng
Firstly, they were ignorant of fiqh; only through the concrete process of administering the Shari ah did they learn about it at all.
A great majority of the disagreements were subsequently resolved through discussion.
Finally, there is a tremendous need for cost analysis of public health interventions.
Miêu tả chu kỳ hoặc sự lặp lại
|Từ vựng||Ý nghĩa|
The cycle then repeats itself
|Tiếp tục vô thời hạn|
Chu trình đang lặp lại
Repeat this cycle slowly, gradually increasing the pace as you flex your spine backward and forwards.
Such speed could not continueindefinitely without triggering side effects, but higherinflation.
4. Những cụm từ không thể bỏ qua nếu muốn đạt điểm cao
Sử dụng một số từ nối: but, likewise, also, while, according to statistics/survey data/estimation, According to the graph/figures, it is clear that, it can be seen that, it is noticeable that, in contrast, however, whereas, on the other hand, in addition, furthermore,..,
According to statistics, it is becoming increasingly rare in many Western countries for families to eat together.
Những cụm từ dùng để liệt kê: Firstly/ First of all, Secondly, After that, From this, Next, After this, Following this, At the first stage, In general, In common, It is obvious, As can be seen, At the first glance, At the onset, It is clear that A glance at the graph reveals that,...
As it is observed, the figures for imprisonment in the five mentioned countries show no overall pattern, rather showing considerable fluctuations from country to country.
Overall, the leisure hours enjoyed by males, regardless of their employment status, was much higher than that of women.
Những cụm từ dùng cho mở bài: The … gives information about…, the … shows data about…, the diagram shows the comparison of, the table figure represents the differences, the graph enumerates the number of, the pie chart provides the amount of,...
The chart gives information about consumer expenditures on six products in four countries namely Germany, Italy, Britain and France.
The diagram shows employment rates among adults in four European countries from 1925 to 1985.
Những cụm từ dùng cho kết bài: In conclusion, to sum up, taking everything into consideration, in a nutshell, overall, in short, in a word, to summarise, to repeat in short,...
In conclusion, the significant rise in the average age of people living in rural areas has resulted in a lack of suitable people to fill the workforce and the closure of the majority of village schools, carrying hardship to local communities.
Những cụm từ dùng để miêu tả quan điểm: In my opinion, personally speaking, my own view on the matter is, …
Personally (speaking), I think the show is going to be a great success.
Có thể nói, từ vựng trong dành cho phần Writing Task 1 vô cùng phong phú và được chia thành nhiều nhóm. Để làm tốt bài thi này, bạn cần liệt kê và hệ thống từ vựng một cách đầy đủ.