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Xuyên suốt phần thi IELTS Speaking - Chủ đề Food (Ẩm thực), thí sinh sẽ thường gặp phải những câu hỏi như “Describe your favorite food” hay “Can you describe a place you would like to eat?”. Để chinh phục điểm số cao và gây ấn tượng với ban giám khảo, bạn cần chuẩn bị vốn từ vựng “đặc sắc” cùng cấu trúc ngữ pháp chính xác chặt chẽ về chủ đề này. Cùng IDP bỏ túi những từ vựng ghi điểm cùng bài mẫu Speaking chủ đề Food nhé!

1. Từ vựng IELTS Speaking chủ đề Food

Danh từ

Từ vựng Phiên âmÝ nghĩa
Additives/ˈæd.ɪ.tɪv/chất phụ gia
Saturated fat/ˌsætʃ.ər.eɪ.tɪd ˈfæt/chất béo bão hòa
Genetically modified food (GM food)/dʒəˌnet.ɪ.kəl.i ˈmɒd.ɪ.faɪd/  /fuːd/thực phẩm biến đổi gen
Beverage /ˈbevərɪdʒ/đồ uống (ngoại trừ nước)
Processed food/ˈprəʊ.sest/ /fuːd/thức ăn đóng hộp/ đóng gói
Junk food/ˈdʒʌŋk ˌfuːd/thức ăn có hại cho sức khỏe
Body mass index (BMI)/ˈbɒd.i ˌmæs ˌɪn.deks/chỉ số khối cơ thể
roasted vegetables/rəʊst/ /ˈvedʒ.tə.bəl/rau củ nướng
Fussy eater = picky eater /ˈfʌs.i/ /ˈiː.tər/người kén ăn
Balanced diet/ˌbæl.ənst ˈdaɪ.ət/chế độ ăn cân bằng
Authentic local specialityđặc sản vùng miền
Traditional cuisineẩm thực truyền thống

Động từ

Từ vựng Phiên âmÝ nghĩa
garnish/ˈɡɑː.nɪʃ/bày biện, trang trí món ăn
chop/tʃɒp/thái, cắt
bake/beɪk/nướng trong lò
budget something/ˈbʌdʒɪt/tính toán chi tiêu
overeat = overconsume/ˌəʊ.vərˈiːt/ăn quá độ
to gain a lot of weighttăng cân 

Tính từ

Từ vựng Phiên âmÝ nghĩa
aromatic / pungent/əˈrəʊ.mə/có mùi thơm hấp dẫn
malodorous/ˌmælˈəʊ.dər.əs/có mùi kém hấp dẫn
malnourished/ˌmælˈnʌr.ɪʃt/suy dinh dưỡng
nutritious/njuːˈtrɪʃ.əs/nhiều dinh dưỡng
hydroponic/ˌhaɪ.droʊˈpɑː.nɪk/thủy canh
monotonous/məˈnɒt.ən.əs/nhàm chán

Collocations và Idioms

Collocations và IdiomsÝ nghĩa
in a walking distance ofgần đâu đó
got the munchiesđói bụng
to be mouth-wateringchảy nước miếng (Thèm ăn khi thấy hoặc ngửi một món gì đó hấp dẫn)
restrain one’s hungerkiềm chế cơn đói
to bolt something downnuốt chửng thứ gì đó (Ăn thứ gì rất nhiều và nhanh)
to follow a recipetuân theo công thức nấu ăn
to have a sweet toothhảo ngọt
to grab a bite to eatăn nhanh, ăn vội vàng
to wine and dinechiêu đãi ai đó bằng 1 bữa ăn thịnh soạn
have a profound passion forcó niềm đam mê to lớn với cái gì
to pose a health riskgây rủi ro về mặt sức khoẻ
to eat like a horseăn rất nhiều

Xem thêm: Giải thích các Thành ngữ phổ biến (và ít phổ biến) phần 1

2. IELTS Speaking chủ đề Food Part 1

Câu hỏi: What is your favorite food?

Well, I would say since I have a sweet tooth, I am a huge fan of desserts. But if I had to choose one, it would be cheesecakes. I usually follow a recipe I learned from the Internet. It has quite a few ingredients, but the process is not complicated. On special occasions, I usually make cheesecakes to serve my family after dinner.

Vocabulary ghi điểm:

  • ingredients: thành phần

  • special occasions: dịp đặc biệt

Câu hỏi: What are some traditional foods in your country?

Well, Vietnam has a very rich cultural diversity, which means that there are various types of traditional food. To name some, there are Chung cake, spicy beef noodle soup, or sticky rice. Actually, every region has its own local speciality, but I do believe that Pho is still the most popular one among other dishes. It’s very well-seasoned and can be served for any mealtime during the day.

Vocabulary ghi điểm:

  • Cultural diversity: sự đa dạng văn hoá

  • Local speciality đặc sản địa phương

  • Well-seasoned: được nêm đậm vị

Câu hỏi: Do you like tasting new food?

As a foodie, it’s a firm yes for me. I always dream of experiencing all different kinds of food. Every cuisine has its own special features, and it would be so great if we could try the local food. It’s not only about the taste, but also the underlying meaning behind such dishes.

Vocabulary ghi điểm:

  • Foodie: người thích đồ ăn

  • Special features: đặc điểm đặc biệt

  • Underlying meaning: ý nghĩa thực sự đằng sau

Xem thêm: Những câu hỏi thường gặp khi thi Speaking IELTS mà bạn nên biếtexternal icon

3. IELTS Speaking chủ đề Food Part 2

Câu hỏi: Describe a special meal you have had

Bài mẫu: One of the most memorable meals that I have ever eaten was a couple of years ago when I was sick, well actually, just recovered from sickness. I had digestive disorder so I could not eat anything but bland porridge for a week; otherwise I would have vomited constantly. The first couple of days staying at home went just fine, I had enough to entertain me. In fact, I felt relaxed because I had time to binge watch my favorite drama. However, by the end of that week, I could not stand that meal. I could not even think about it. Fortunately, I was getting better so I could eat other dishes. My mother made me spaghetti with beef and mushroom which she knew was my favorite. It was a basic Italian dish that instantly made my mood improve. It did not take much time and energy to cook though; basically, there was ground beef, sliced fresh mushrooms, chopped garlic and onions served with tomato sauce and topped with Parmesan cheese. It tasted like heaven to me. The ground beef was savory mixed with a little cheesy flavor. My mom's homemade meal was not only appetizing but also nutritious because I was not consuming protein and fat for a whole week.

Vocabulary ghi điểm:

  • digestive disorder: bệnh rối loạn tiêu hóa

  • bland (a): nhạt nhẽo

  • porridge (n): cháo

  • binge watch (v): cày phim

  • top with (v) : phủ lên trên

  • protein (n): chất đạm

  • fat (n): chất béo

  • crave for (v): thèm thuồng

Câu hỏi: Describe a place you like to eat at you should say

I would like to talk about a nice classy restaurant in the city center called “Buzza Pizza” but it is actually located in a small quiet street in district 1. This restaurant serves various meals of Italian cuisine that I really enjoy. For example, they serve delicacies such as pasta, pizza, tomato soup and especially risotto – an Italian rice with either seafood or vegetables. I particularly love their risotto. In fact, I love Italian food because it is all about fresh, flavorful ingredients. Not only are they popular for their risotto, but their pizzas also make my mouth water because of their cheesy flavor. That’s why I eat in that restaurant frequently and now even with my family and friends for a slap-up meal if we have anything to celebrate or sometimes, to wine and dine. The restaurant is quite spacious and all the staff are very friendly but at dinner time, it’s very crowded and noisy. Italian landscapes are painted on their walls so I always feel like I’m in Italy whenever I’m there. About the price, although it’s not cheap at all, its quality justifies the bill.

Vocabulary ghi điểm:

  • slap-up meal: nấu tạm cho qua bữa

  • Quality justifies the bill: chất lượng xứng đáng với giá tiền.

Xem thêm: Các chủ đề IELTS Speaking Part 2 và lưu ý để đạt điểm tuyệt đốiexternal icon

4. IELTS Speaking chủ đề Food Part 3

Câu hỏi: What do you enjoy the most about a meal?

It would definitely be desserts. I have a sweet tooth, and I always expect a cup of ice cream at the end of the meal. Needless to mention that most desserts are beautifully decorated, which makes them much more mouth-watering

Vocabulary ghi điểm:

  • Have a sweet tooth: hảo ngọt

  • Beautifully decorated: được trang trí đẹp

  • Mouth-watering: ngon và hấp dẫn

Câu hỏi: What kinds of foreign food are popular in your country?

From my observation, I think it’s definitely Japanese cuisine. There are so many Japanese restaurants in HCM city, selling varieties of dishes too, not just sushi. This is just my guess, but I think the reason for this is that, even though we use different spices and cooking methods, the philosophy behind Vietnamese cuisine and Japanese food is very much similar: both aims for an elemental balance and harmony between the ingredients, and both really utilize the healing properties of herbs and vegetables into cooking.

Vocabulary ghi điểm:

  • Observation: sự quan sát

  • Philosophy: triết lý

  • Elemental balance and harmony: sự cân bằng và hài hoà giữa các nguyên tốt

  • Healing properties: đặc tính chữa lành

  • Herbs: thảo mộc

Câu hỏi: What foods from your country do most foreign people enjoy?

I believe foreigners find Pho very fascinating. That’s a thing that still imprints in their mind after they pay a visit to Vietnam. I guess it is because Pho is well-seasoned with various kinds of spices. Also, the taste is neutral and friendly to most people.

Vocabulary ghi điểm:

  • Imprint in one’s mind: khắc sâu vào trong trí nhớ

  • Well-seasoned: nêm nếm đậm vị

  • Spice: gia vị

  • Neutral: trung tính

Hy vọng những từ vựng cùng cấu trúc câu phía trên sẽ giúp bạn ghi điểm thật cao trong tất cả các phần thi IELTS Speaking, biến một chủ đề như Food trở thành chủ đề “tủ” của bạn trong kỳ thi sắp đến. 

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