跟隨以下簡單指引,有助改善你的寫作能力。 如果你是視覺型學習者,請跳到頁面底部觀看實用影片,了解在寫作考試 Task 2 取得 7 分的 7 個步驟。 

第 1 步:回答問題的所有部分

IELTS 寫作考試 Task 2 要求你以一篇論文回應一項陳述或前設。你必須仔細閱讀問題,回答問題所有部分。以下方問題為例,你必須做 3 件事以取得更高評級,並向考官展示你有回應問題中所有部分。 

  1. 提出一個觀點 

  2. 提出另一個觀點 

  3. 表達你的意見 


例題:  

Some people think that wild animals should not be kept in zoos. Others believe that there are good reasons for having zoos.

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion. 


提出一個觀點,然後再提出另一個觀點,最後表達個人意見

Wild animals are kept in zoos all over world. At present, zoos are a tourist attraction in many countries and need wild animals to attract vistors. I believe that wild creatures should not be kept in zoos and there should be alternative ways to see them.  

There are many good reasons for having zoos in our cities. Most importantly, they attract tourists and make money for city. Visitors get chance to see wild animals that they would not see unless they travelled far away. Rare species, like Chinese panda, or Indian tiger, or African rhino for example, are endangered and if we had no zoos they would die. Zoos care for these aminals and give us chance to see them. Therefore, we cannot underestimate teh educational importance of zoos.  

However, many people feel that wild animals should be free. They should not be kept in cages and small areas in zoo. This is cruel for animal and they often die because they is not in natural habitat. We frequently see news story about rare animals dying in zoos or getting sick because area is not big enough or suitable for wild animals like lions or polar bears. Also, these animals are unhappy and sometimes attack humans. Caging wild animals is unhealthy for the animals and is cruel. 

Both views put forward valid points, however, I strongly believe that zoos are no place for wild animals. If animals need to be cared for, they should be looked after in theier natural habitat in game parks or wildlife reserves. Goverments should look after the precious wild animals at their country and should close down zoos that profit from them. 

In conclusion, although people believe that zoos are good places to keep wild animals because they can earn money and educate people, I feel that we do not need zoos anymore. We can look at wild animals on the internet and we can feel happy knowing that they are free. 

第 2 步:明確表達立場

雖然你會在論文中提出不同觀點,但你仍必須表達清晰的立場。這最主要是讓考官知道你對該問題的想法。你的立場必須在全文中保持清晰一致。切勿在結論改變立場。 

  • Both views put forward valid points, however, I strongly believe... 

  • However, many people feel that... 

  • I believe that wild creatures should not be kept in zoos... 

第 3 步:組織論文

論文寫作未必是一項困難挑戰。以具結構的方式表達你的觀點,運用段落表達及闡述每個觀點。善用以下各點將有助你撰寫論文。 

  • 利用引言作為開首。  

  • 提出重要觀點,其後進一步闡述。  

  • 總結全文,表達你對問題的意見。  

  • 在每段中清晰闡述觀點。  

  • 在每段之間隔行,以便考官閱讀。  

範文 

引言 

Wild animals are kept in zoos all over world. At present, zoos are a tourist attraction in many countries and need wild animals to attract vistors. I heire that wild creatures should not be kept in zoos and there should be alternative ways to see them. 

第一個觀點 

There are many good reasons for having zoos in our cities. Most importantly, they attract tourists and make money for city. Visitors get chance to see wild animals that they would not see unless they travelled far away. Rare species, like Chinese panda, or Indian tiger, or African rhino for example, are endangered and if we had no zoos they would die. Zoos care for these aminals and give us chance to see them. Therefore, we cannot underestimate he educational importance of zoos. 

第二個觀點 

However, many people feel that wild animals should be free. They should not be kept in cages and small areas in zoo. This is heir for animal and they often die because they is not in natural habitat. We frequently see news story about rare animals dying in zoos or getting sick because area is not big enough or suitable for wild animals like lions or polar bears. Also, these animals are unhappy and sometimes attack humans. Caging wild animals is unhealthy for the animals and is cruel.  

我的意見 

Both views put forward valid points, however, I strongly believe that zoos are no place for wild animals. If animals need to be cared for, they should be looked after in heir natural habitat in game parks or wildlife reserves. Goverments should look after the precious wild animals at their country and should close down zoos that profit from them. 

結論 

In conclusion, although people believe that zoos are good places to keep wild animals because they can earn money and educate people, I feel that we do not need zoos anymore. As far as I am concerned, wild animals should be set free. 

第 4 步:運用連接詞

連接詞或轉折詞能夠有效銜接作答內容。它們能將句子和想法連繫在一起。以下列表顯示論文常用的連接詞句。 

On one handWhereas
On the other handBecause
FirstlySimilarly
AnotherFinally
HoweverNevertheless
DespiteConsequently
AlthoughIn conclusion
RegardlessIn addition
For exampleAs a result
ThereforeUndoubtedly

第 5 步:運用多元化詞彙

寫作是向讀者傳達想法和觀點的方式,因此應該運用容易理解的詞彙。並且只應用你能輕易拼寫的字詞。運用自然組合的字詞 — 即搭配詞,並在文中使用諺語/片語動詞。這樣可向考官證明你能夠運用多元化的詞彙。最後,完成寫作後請檢查有沒有拼寫錯誤及錯別字。 

搭配詞的例子: 

  • Tourist attraction  

  • Alternate ways  

  • Rare species  

  • Natural habitat  

諺語和片語動詞的例子: 

  • To be cared for  

  • Close down  

  • Make money  

  • Chance to see  

  • Looked after

第 6 步:正確運用各種文法結構

如果你以 7 分為目標,那麼便需要掌握簡單句和複合句。請記住,句子必須正確無誤。你認為可以如何做到? 沒錯,就是不斷練習。立即體驗示範考試或模擬試題,並分析你的常犯錯誤。當你不斷練習不同句子結構時,必定能夠提升任何主題的寫作能力。 

文法結構例子

文章 Most importantly, they attract tourists and make money for (the) city; visitors get (a) chance
主體/主謂一致 because they is (are) not in natural 
前置詞 wild animals at (in) their country 
複數 We frequently see news story (stories)
標點符號 Most importantly, they attract tourists and make money for the city.

第 7 步:仔細檢查你的論文

即使是一篇完美的論文,仍可能會犯下大意的拼寫錯誤和文法錯誤。因此應仔細檢查文章,便可簡單解決這些問題。完成寫作後,問一下自己: 

  • 我有否回答所有部分? 

  • 我有否分段作答? 

  • 我有否運用連接詞句? 

  • 我有否運用標點符號? 

  • 我有否檢查文章? 

  • 我的拼寫是否正確?我有否運用多元化詞彙? 

  • 我有否運用複合句結構? 

如果以上所有答案都是「有/是」,那麼你正慢慢邁向取得 IELTS 7 分的目標! 

Improve IELTS Writing score

While improving your IELTS score entirely depends on your capacity and dedication, choosing the right resources also plays an important role. To make it easy for you, IDP has launched IELTS Prepareexternal icon: ielts.idp.com/prepare: a one-stop-shop for all official IDP IELTS preparation materials including Writing. 

助你取得 7 分的 7 個步驟:IELTS 寫作考試 Task 2

讓我們的 IELTS 專家講解可助你在 IELTS 寫作考試 Task 2 取得 7 分的 7 個步驟。

https://images.ctfassets.net/unrdeg6se4ke/3M3l9IIwLIWYUmlk0zGXKT/caf080427ffd75e32263c97efd5c9090/7_Steps_to_help_you_reach_a_Band_7_IELTS_Writing_Task_2_-_thumbnail__high_res_.jpg
2021-07-05T14:17:04.202Z
https://videos.ctfassets.net/unrdeg6se4ke/7lrrXVkiRsfRm1HHJzqtoO/118304a149e8fc73484904f0ab858633/7_Steps_to_help_you_reach_a_Band_7__IELTS_Writing_Task.mp4