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The IELTS Academic Writing test is made up of two tasks, Writing Task 1 and Writing Task 2. The questions in the Academic Writing test are different from those in the General Training Writing test.
In Academic Writing Task 1, you are shown a visual representation of information; a graph, table, chart, process or map, and you are asked to summarise, describe, or explain the information you see. Make sure you organise your response into three main parts, the introduction, an overview, and the main features supported by figures from the diagram.
In Academic Writing Task 2, you are presented with a point of view, argument, or problem. The topics can range from the environment to immigration, culture, and even technology. You might be asked to agree or disagree with a point of view or argument, discuss two opposing views, write about the advantages or disadvantages of a topic, explain a given problem, or the cause of a problem and offer a solution. Your response for Academic Writing Task 2 will need to be in an essay format.
Examiners assign a band score for each of the four categories using the assessment criteria:
Task Achievement (for Task 1), Task Response (for Task 2)
Coherence and Cohesion
Grammatical Range and Accuracy
The average score for the task is calculated by measuring the criteria equally and the Writing band score is the average.
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IELTS Academic Writing Task 1: How to get a band 7 or higher in task achievement